Fossil fuels including coal, oil and natural gas currently provide more than 80% of all energy consumed in the United States. Nearly two-thirds of our electricity and virtually all transportation fuels are from fossil fuels. It is even possible that a growing economy could actually increase the need for these fuels over the next couple of decades even with aggressive development of new renewable and nuclear energy.
Because our economic health depends on the continued availability of reliable and affordable fossil fuels, the Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy oversees two major fossil fuel efforts:
1) Emergency stockpiles of crude oil and heating oil and (2) research and development of future fossil energy technologies. New and innovative technologies are trying to make the future production and use of fossil fuels more efficient and environmentally cleaner.