Senate Democrats pressed ahead on Thursday with plans to vote next week on a $25 billion emergency loan plan for U.S. carmakers as the auto industry and business groups readied a lobbying onslaught to overcome GOP opposition.
Senior Democrats are drafting legislation that would carve out part of the $700 billion Wall Street bailout for loans to the three major U.S. auto companies in exchange for a government ownership stake in the companies.
They hope to push the measure through during a postelection session of Congress that begins Monday. General Motors Corp., Ford Motor Co. and Chrysler LLC are lobbying feverishly for Congress to approve the aid, citing an economic downturn that has choked off sales and frozen credit.
But the idea is running into resistance from Republicans and President George W. Bush, who are reluctant to back any additional money for the struggling industry. House GOP leader John Boehner of Ohio issued a statement Thursday promising to oppose any new auto industry loans.
"Spending billions of additional federal tax dollars with no promises to reform the root causes crippling automakers' competitiveness around the world is neither fair to taxpayers nor sound fiscal policy," Boehner said.
Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky — home to a General Motors and two Ford plants — has been noncommittal about new aid. His office says Congress should instead speed release of $25 billion in loans approved by Congress last month to help automakers develop more fuel-efficient vehicles.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., has yet to schedule a legislative session to consider the new loans as Democrats keep hunting for the votes to pass it.
"Right now, I don't think there are the votes," said Sen. Chris Dodd, D-Conn., chairman of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee. While supporting the proposal, Dodd cautioned against "bringing up a proposition that might fail." He suggested that Congress wait until President-elect Barack Obama is sworn in on Jan. 20 to provide further help to the carmakers.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., rejected that idea. His office said he would press forward with a still-unwritten measure next week.
"While we continue to work out the best way forward, we expect the Senate to consider legislation during next week's lame-duck session," said Reid's spokesman, Jim Manley. "But we cannot do it without the support of Senate Republicans."
With feelings still raw from the election and the public outraged about the Wall Street rescue, the auto proposal remains a tough sell. Some Senate Republicans have expressed skepticism that the aid would lead to changes for the companies that could make them viable in the long run.
Still, supporters of the auto bailout hope they can snag 12 to 15 Republicans to join with Democrats in pushing it through. They are targeting lawmakers who represent states with auto plants and auto suppliers, as well as Republicans in states with high unemployment rates.
Sen. Carl M. Levin, D-Mich., an architect of the carmaker aid, said he was "confident that there will be bipartisan support for legislation to support the U.S. auto industry."
Republican Sen. George V. Voinovich of Ohio pledged has pledged his support. "Helping the automakers remain viable is truly putting Main Street over Wall Street," Voinovich said through a spokesman.
Sen. Kit Bond of Missouri, R-Mo., left open the possibility that he could be persuaded to back a carmaker rescue. "While I have real concerns with another taxpayer funded bailout, there are also thousands of workers in Missouri whose jobs are on the line so the devil will be in the details," Bond said in a statement.
Auto dealers, who have major political clout because their operations are spread across every congressional district, are preparing a major lobbying effort, as well as asking for additional help from Congress, such as new tax breaks for buying cars.
"We've put them on a high state of readiness," said Andy Koblenz, an executive at the National Auto Dealers Association, said of the car retailers. "We're expecting to activate that network within the next few days."
Auto suppliers that employ about 800,000 workers — with a big presence in states including Michigan, Missouri, Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee — say they should get a piece of any new emergency loan package.
The legislation could set up a showdown during the president's final days in office. Bush is open to helping the industry, the White House says, but the administration has expressed reservations about doling out more federal dollars to help the auto industry, or using the bailout money to do so.
The bill Democrats are writing would insert the government squarely into the car companies' operations. It would require that the companies submit a plan for long-term viability in exchange for the loans, share a portion of future profits with the government and reimburse taxpayers before any other shareholder, according to aides familiar with it.
"We certainly want to make sure that there's a plan how are you going to get out of this mess," said Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y.
The car companies also would face tougher restrictions on awarding pay packages to executives and dividends to their shareholders than the financial companies that get a piece of the original bailout.