The White House and key lawmakers in both parties have agreed to reshape the nation's immigration laws and give millions of illegal immigrants legal status.
President Bush says the plan will enforce borders and it will "treat people with respect."
The new immigration deal would double border patrols and enforcement, build more and better fences, and would crack down on employers and businesses who hire illegal workers.
But for the estimated 12 million people now in the U.S. without proper documents there would be a path to legal residency. A so called "Z Visa," a payment of $5000. For future migrants, merit credits for job training and learning English could lead to a green card and possible citizenship.
Critics will fight the compromise, arguing that it would let millions of criminals off the hook.