As the fighting continues in the Middle East it seems very easy to get lost in the conflict as to why they are fighting.
We stopped by East Carolina University to try and break it down.
Dr. Jalil Roshandel has been studying the Middle East for years.
He's even written a book called the Jihad and International Security.
The ECU professor tries to put in layman's terms what the current conflict is all about.
"Both sides have legitimate demands on the other side," said Roshandel. "Israel wants to live in peace. They don't want Hamas rockets. Hamas wants space to live and borders open."
The professor says the cease fire between Israel and Hamas ended in December. The doctor says Israel wants Hamas to stop targeting them with their weapons.
He says Hamas felt as though Israel wasn't living up to their end of the bargain by opening the borders so they can survive.
He says, "everything they depend on from the outside world. So there must be some type of crossing open to them. However, that crossing must not bring weapons. Which is against Israel's security."
So it's simple right. Hamas don't bring weapons into the border crossings and Israel let Hamas through so they can do business with the international community. But no.
"When a situation like this happens and a war is started. Then the expectations go beyond a normal street calculations. So some of the old stuff gets into demand and it makes it hard to reach a compromise."
At this point the professor says the US government's hands are tied because it's in a transition period.
He said they only thing the US can do is ask both sides to cease fire.