A Senate bill would bring many of the estimated 11 million people living in the U.S. illegally out of the shadows -- but not everyone would benefit. They include anyone who arrived after December 2011, gay partners of anyone legally in the U.S., siblings of U.S. citizens and most deportees.
Deportations topped 400,000 in fiscal 2012, more than double from seven years earlier. The bill allows some with spouses or children legally in the U.S. to apply for permission to return, but most are out of luck.
Advocates on the left have shown limited appetite to fight for expanded coverage as they brace for a tough battle in Congress. Some take aim at other provisions of the sweeping legislation, like a 13-year track to citizenship, which they consider too long.