Atheist Michael Newdow is asking a federal appeals court to rule again that the words "under God" should be removed from the Pledge of Allegiance.
The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in California ruled in Newdow's favor in 2002, but two years later, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that he
lacked standing to sue because he didn't have custody of the
daughter on whose behalf he brought the case. He immediately filed
a second lawsuit on behalf of three parents and their children in
In 2005, a federal judge again found the pledge to be unconstitutional, basing his ruling on the precedent set by the 9th Circuit Court in Newdow's first case.
Newdow is also calling for removal of the words "In God We
Trust" from U.S. currency.